|Click Here Marie Curie the star of the show and her discovery of the enormous power of the atom. See her apparatus, how she used her fingers to make this spectacular discovery . Before Einstein's invention of E=MC^2||Click Here Priestley's Burning Lens, a clean high temperatures source of heat, he used in experiments generating oxygen. Some early replications of Priestley's chemical work including comments on solar heating and decomposition of mercuric oxide.|
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The setup above was for a video covering some of the very special scientist who helped fill the periodic table "The Mystery of Matter"
Shown below is our replica of President J. Madison's glass disk type electrostatic ,high voltage low current, generator. We made this machine for The Montpelier Foundation, who are the trustees of Madison's home and property. They felt it important to show how well rounded president Madison was beyond being a valuable law maker. It also serves to demonstrate such an instrument adding to the interest of the exhibits.
|During the development era of electrostatic generators they served as handsome parlor toys, medical quack machines, and most important. significant scientific instruments.|
|It is believed that president Madison acquired his generator at a time it was playing a major role as a scientific instrument. This is supported in part because president Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin statesmen / scientist contemporaries had similar instruments. In fact Benjamin Franklin used his to lay down the foundation of modern electricity and inventions such as the lightning rod. There for let us trace out just how valuable it was toward the future. its first virtue was that it could producer a stead flow of electricity making it easier to study and use electricity. One of the first engineering uses was in a telegraph system. In time they progressed to an important role in the development of instruments used in nuclear physics. Let us follow this path by examples.|
James Madison Electrostatic disk generator We built for the Montpelier Foundation
Priestley's Burning Lens, We built for a documentary
|1st step James
Madison and atom smashing accelerators ---,
Today its role is as a symbol of the human races greatness and progress.
This instrument helps the Montpelier Foundation to show that president Madison and his colleagues shared a broad intellectual pursuit one that was needed to form nations with goals of freedom and enterprise.
It also helps us appreciate the jagged journey that scientific instrumentation can take to get us into the high tech world we live in today also where we might be going tomorrow.
2,nd step beyond
Madison which leads us toward improvements in high voltage generators
The Wimshurst Electrostatic
generator and how it works very
1800's. which pushes closer
to busting up an atom to see what it is made of.
|Combining the 3rd and 4th steps , A Van de Graaffs electrostatic generator and associated equipment. Incidentally the author built one of these in 1954 for an undergraduate school project. It was for accelerating protons through a potential difference up to 500,000 volts. As a student I chose building, one with an accelerating tube vacuum system 10-^6 mm. and extras, my goal being able to carry out an atom smashing experiment to further test E=MC^2 . This url leads the reader to another method of generating high voltages that were used in Atom smashing experiments of the early and mid 1900 's.|
instruments their ENTANGLEMENT
+ CONNECTIONS. How science
Why they are so important to collect, to preserve for our learning process assuring us a safe future. .
Below The growth of the telescope into the spectroscope combined with the generation of high voltage --current electricity gave
us Quantum Mechanics and a better understanding of the chemical world we live in.
Two of our beautiful replica of Galileo's Telescopes
plus a glass prism give us a very usable spectroscope.
|Galileo opened the Pandora's box of
Quantum Mechanics in his development of the high powered telescope. This led
to the invention of the spectroscope which allowed us to measure the
chemistry of the stars and everything else
Newton seems to have slipped up on discovering this one when he was studying the prism
More entanglement entanglement entanglement
Combining The of the instruments of optics and electricity.
|The instruments that
generate high voltage, high current of electricity when mixed with
gave us the unique ability to study the broad emf spectrum which motivated Maxwell's to build his wave equations and Planck's new particle quanta mechanical world
Click here For sale
One of our early spark gap crystal set radio station.
|For Sale A most beautiful spectroscope|
|The interaction of Plasmas and magnetic field pushing electrons and ions around, makes for even bigger and better atom smashers .|
|Also the generation atomic and ionic spectrum of Hydrogen. Oxygen, Nitrogen, Mercury etc. to study the stars and Atomic bombs|
In addition to the above we also provide other services.
We have helped a new inexpensive form of video projects for spreading the good news of work going on in science and engineering. This pilot project called Chemical Explorers is about a recent discovery at MIT of a new catalytic method of electro-chemically producing hydrogen more cheaply than ever before. To see the results . Click Here
Building the most accurate replica's of the Galileo's surviving telescopes
|Building Galileo's Telescope IMSS 2428 for Griffith Observatory. Surprise construction revealed.|
|Building Galileo's Development telescope IMSS 2427 for the Adler Planetarium|
|Galileo's Telescope IMSS 2428 building a replica for the Science Channel's program Brilliant Minds.|
|Other Galileo Projects|
|Galileo's telescope what it really feels like to see thru it|
|Serious errors in the literature on the optics and dimensions of Galileo's telescope|
|New measurements of the physical dimensions of the original Galileo's telescopes|
|Galileo's compass and a stand to hold it and a replica of Galileo's telescope|
|Building Galileo's Inclined Plane|
|Galileo Pendulum Mistake Building A Brachistochrone You can own one too.|
|B&L Prism Spectroscope for sale|
|Newton's color wheel Generating white light with the twist of a wrist.|
|The Astatic Galvanometer is the unsung hero --- The heart of Thomas Edison's Menlo Park Laboratory|
Telescopes A to see summary page for our precise replications of Galileo's Telescopes For Griffith Observatory and Adler Planetarium
The Spectroscope Displaying the rain bow of air heated to the surface temperature of the sun. Discovering new elements and generating the need for quantum physics
What a scientific paper printed ( less the photographs) in a prestigious
journal of physics looks like.
Title is Bemsstrahlung and Recombination Radiation of Neutral and Ionized Nitrogen Physical Review vol. 180 number 1 5 April 1006
All photos and written material are by Jim & Rhoda Morris unless noted otherwise. Free personal and educational use and reproduction is encouraged--- Acknowledgment is appreciated; all commercial rights are reserved
Copyright 11/27/2005 Jim & Rhoda Morris